Bariatric Surgery Procedures
Bariatric surgery is typically considered either a restrictive procedure that reduces food intake or a malabsorptive procedure that alters digestion.
- Restrictive Operations restrict the amount of food a patient can eat at any one time to less than a cup. The surgery involves creating a small pouch at the top of the stomach. Types of restrictive weight loss options include the Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy, LAP-BAND® System and the new REALIZE™ Band.
- Malabsorptive Operations not only restrict food intake, but also the amount of calories and nutrients the body absorbs by redirecting the digestive process. The most common type of malabsorptive procedure is the Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass.
Your surgeon or bariatric educator will discuss in detail with you what type of bariatric surgery is right for you.
Common Reasons for Revisional Bariatric Surgery
Not all bariatric surgery patients are satisfied with their weight loss after their initial surgery. Some patients, whether through a failure to change their lifestyle, a problem with the original procedure or the natural stretch of the stomach pouch or outlet, still struggle with obesity and may need to consider a revisional bariatric surgery. A revisional surgery might be an option if:
- A bariatric surgery patient regains a significant amount of the original weight in the years following the initial surgery.
- A patient did not experience substantial weight loss at all from the first bariatric surgery.
- Complications, such as leakage or a slipped band, have resulted from the first bariatric surgery.
- Severe side effects, such as persistent vomiting or ulcers, occurred after the first surgery.